FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
This page answers some of the questions that I've received by email or PM. Most of these questions have been asked multiple times. I plan to add to this page over time.
Casino Specific Questions
The bonus lists have a suggested game for each casino. However, there are many alternative choices. I recommend first looking over the T&C to determine allowed games. From a mathematical perspective, the best choice is a game with a low expected loss per unit wagered (not the same as house edge per initial bet) and a variance that fits your risk tolerance and bet size. This information is on the software pages and games list. When allowed, the best choice is usually blackjack or blackjack variations. Other common choices include multi-hand video poker, texas hold'em bonus, casino hold'em, and 3-card poker. Ignoring the math, you may prefer to simply choose whatever game you enjoy playing.
In general, I'd recommend whatever allowed version has the lowest house edge. The blackjack page lists the house edge of available blackjack games by software.
House edge is defined in terms of initial bet. A 1% house edge means you are expected to lose $1 for each $100 of initial bets. Some games permit raises, so the final bet size may not be the same as the initial bet. For example, in the game Texas Hold'em Bonus, the average final bet is nearly 4x the size of the initial ante bet. The house edge of Texas Hold'em Bonus is 2.04%, and the expected loss per unit wagered is nearly 4x lower at 0.53%. The latter value is more appropriate for estimating loss while completing a wagering requirement. For simplicity, I sometimes list two house edge columns -- one per initial bet and one per wager. However, the per wager value is technically not a "house edge." It is the expected loss per unit wagered. Wizard of Odds calls this value "element of risk."
The bonus lists have "Bonus EV" column. EV stands for Expected Value. This is the average gain with typical game choice and strategy. You can crudely estimate average gain by summing these values for all played bonuses. This includes monthly and reload bonuses (including unlisted reloads), as well as sign-up bonuses. You may make more or less than this average gain. The amount of variance in return depends on game choice and bet size. See the return & variance calc for estimated range of return calculations.
Past play does not influence future results, so you effectively have the original bonus with a reduced wagering requirement. If the bonus was worth doing with the full wagering requirement, I'd expect it to be worth doing with a reduced wagering requirement, so in general you should redeposit. The main exception to this is if new information makes the bonus less desirable.
The probability of a series of events P1 to Pn is P1*P2*P3... For example, the probability of getting three sequential reds in single-zero roulette is (18/37)^3 = 0.115. If you have hold 4 to a flush in 10-play video poker, the probability of not getting a flush in any of the 10 hands is (39/48)^10 = 0.125. The probability of three dealer blackjacks in a row is ~(8/169)^3 = 1 in 10,000. Unfortunately, specific calculations vary too much to be summarized here. The blackjack statistics page or streak calculator may be useful.
I do not play for anyone else, and if I did, I doubt that I would have different results than you. If you want to minimize risk of a loss, I recommend a small bet size to reduce variance. Note that automated play is available at Microgaming and Cryptologic casinos.
You do not need to contact anyone to request access. I review accounts periodically and manually give posters access to the private forum, based on quality and number of posts. If you post quality messages on the public forums, you will get access to the private forum. Alternatively, you can get access by signing up at casinos through affiliate links on this site and sending me your usernames at those casinos. The number of casinos required depends on the quality/number of your posts and how long you have been a forum member. You cannot get access by simply saying you are a member of another forum, you know someone, or you know a lot.
When reviewing accounts, I remove private forum access for members who only lurk and/or do not make positive contributions. "Positive contributions" does not require starting new threads about bonus offers or similar. It can be answering questions, talking about games, etc. Anyone who is dropped can regain access by making positive contributions again. You do not need to contact anyone to request regaining access. It will happen automatically.
Yes, there are other forums. However, few posters have access to these forums, so there tends to be little activity. In short, you are not missing out on much. If you have a history of exceptional posts or other contributions, you may be invited.
I confirm the listed bonuses are accurate on a regular basis. I usually go through the best bonus and monthly list once per month. I also quickly hear about changes on the forums and through affiliate emails. However, sometimes there are changes that I am not aware of. Please let me know about any incorrect or outdated information on the site.
I go through all links in the best bonus list once per month to confirm accurate information. I also go through the monthly bonus list during the first week of each month. Most changes to the monthly list occur in the first few days of the month. Changes trickle on as the month progresses. Other website members and I periodically confirm the remaining casinos, which are not on the best bonus or monthly list. The rate and time of updates varies by software.
"Independent" means it is not associated with a group of casinos.
The max bonus values on the bonus lists are converted to a common currency to make accurate comparisons between bonuses. The default currency depends on which list you are viewing -- $, €, or £. When two values are listed, it means the currency of the bonus listing is not the default currency of the bonus list. The bonus listed in the casino terms is the value in parenthesis, and that value is converted to the default currency of your list selection for comparison purposes. A bonus listed as "$75 (£50)" means the bonus is £50, and when converted into dollars, the bonus is equivalent to $75.
I list all quality bonuses I am aware of, regardless of whether there is an affiliate program.
Rather than pretend these casinos don't exist, I choose to provide warnings about the potential hazards, so readers can make an informed decision. Some may feel that the bonus or other benefit is worth the additional risk, and some may be disagree with the warning.
Some affiliate programs pay by percentage of net casino win. Some do not. Rather than concern yourself with which earning model is used for which link, I prefer that site visitors do not clear affiliate tags from their browser when signing up, even persons who expect to win over time. Not signing up through affiliate links may make it difficult to assist players using affiliate connections. For a few casinos, it may also interfere with crediting bonuses.
A "low risk wager" is a simultaneous bet on both winning and losing outcomes. For example betting on both pass and don't pass in craps, or betting on both red and black in roulette.
At least one affiliate is making doorway sites like this, then sending spam promoting the doorway as a new casino. All of the links on the site cause the casino to download. The casino that downloads has a different name than what is listed on the doorway webpage. The bonus often has different terms as well.
Casino Specific Questions
Most Clearplay sign-up bonuses have a required playthrough. A few do not. Both can be profitable, depending on strategy. The first number in the wager column of bonus indicates the minimum playthrough. If this value is 0xB, then you are allowed to cash out your winnings at any time. If this value is 30xB, then you are required to complete the full playthrough. Depending on game weightings, you may be expected to make a gain while completing a required playthrough. If this is the case, then the required playthrough may have little impact. See the Clearplay page for more detail.
I believe the system is automated, but I'm not certain how much wagering is required. For some players, it was removed after wagering hundreds. While others wagered thousands without change.
I recommend first contacting support. Other useful resources include Casinomeister and licensing groups, as listed on the contact page. I also may be able to assist using affiliate connections. I have a success rate of >50% for such issues. Note that these affiliate connections relate to issues with referred players who signed up through the links of this site. Be sure to give me your casino username when contacting me.
I believe the vast majority of casinos listed on this site are indeed fair. Most of the larger softwares are regularly audited to confirm random play. The most likely explanation for not winning is simply bad luck. You can check if your results were within normal statistical expectations using the "Are my results fair?" calc and interpreting results page. Sometimes you win more than expected, and sometimes you lose more than expected.
The problematic casinos tend to be ones with small, lesser known softwares. A summary of higher risk softwares is below. This list is in alphabetical order, not in order of severity. If you'd like me to add a warning about possible unfair software, it is helpful to provide supporting numerical data. This could be in the form of net win/loss over an amount wagered, dealer bust rate with a given upcard, frequency of dealer upcards, winning none of a large number of hands multi-play video poker, etc.
AST Gaming -- High probability of non-random software. See the summary.
B3W -- Past issue that B3W claims to have corrected. Many players have reported issues. See the summary.
Casino 770 -- One player provided numerical data showing odd results. Note that this player made a good-sized net gain, as have many others. See the summary.
Casino Lobby (Total E Soft) -- Past issue that Total E Soft claims to have corrected. See the summary.
Casinova -- High probability of non-random software. See the summary.
COA -- Wizard of Odds showed a high probability of unfair software in 2002. They claim to have corrected this issue. COA casinos are not listed on the site.
EU Casino (Skill On Net) -- High probability of non-random VP double function. Games are poorly tested.
iXEnt / Start Your Own Casino -- Software advertised to be non-random to potential buyers. These casinos are not listed on the site.
Progressive Gaming -- Several players have reported abnormal results.
ThrillX -- High probability of non-random software. See the summary.
Wager21 -- High probability of non-random software. See the summary.
I dismiss most of these emails as spam and do not reply back to them. However, if I know you and you offer a quality site, I may be interested in a link. This site does not have ads. I plan to keep it that way.
I almost never write texts for other sites. There is a slight chance I may be interested if it involves non-basic information that I find interesting.
The best bonus list relates to the quality of bonuses. You may offer a great casino, but it won't be ranked well on the best bonus list, if the sign-up bonus is worse than other casinos on the list. One way to improve ranking is to offer an exclusive bonus with superior terms.
I probably can. Send me an email that lists the casino and correct bonus terms.
Once in a while, I do side jobs related to casino game analysis and consulting. Possible services include determining optimal strategy, house edge, or other mathematical/statistical qualities for new casino games; and analyzing game data. Contact me for details.
See the bio page for more detail.
I don't send out additional pictures often. If I know you, then maybe.
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